The Stunning Mauritius

Mauritius, officially the Republic of Mauritius, is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) off the southeast coast of the African continent. The country includes the island of Mauritius, Rodrigues [560 kilometres (350 mi) east], and the outer islands (Agaléga, St. Brandon and two disputed territories). The islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues (172 km (107 mi) southwest) form part of the Mascarene Islands, along with nearby Réunion, a French overseas department. The area of the country is 2,040 km2. The capital and largest city is Port Louis.

Mauritius is one of the world’s top luxury tourism destinations. It possesses a wide range of natural and human-made attractions, enjoys a tropical climate with clear warm sea waters, attractive beaches, tropical fauna and flora complemented by a multi-ethnic and cultural population. These tourism assets are its main strength, especially since they are backed up by well-designed hotels, and reliable as well as operational services and infrastructures. Mauritius received the World Leading Island Destination award for the third time and World’s Best Beach at the World Travel Awards in January 2012.

Mauritius it is 65 km long and 45 km wide. Its land area is 1,864.8 km2. The island is surrounded by more than 150 km (93 miles) of white sandy beaches and the lagoons are protected from the open sea by the world’s third largest coral reef, which surrounds the island. Just off the Mauritian coast lie some 49 uninhabited islands and islets, some of them are used as natural reserves for the protection of endangered species.

The island of Mauritius is relatively young geologically, having been created by volcanic activity some 8 million years ago. Together with Saint Brandon, Réunion, and Rodrigues, the island is part of the Mascarene Islands. These islands have emerged from the abysses as a result of gigantic underwater volcanic eruptions that happened thousands of kilometres to the east of the continental block made up of Africa and Madagascar. They are no longer volcanically active and the hotspot now rests under Réunion Island. Mauritius is encircled by a broken ring of mountain ranges, varying in height from 300–800 m above sea level. The land rises from coastal plains to a central plateau where it reaches a height of 670 m; the highest peak is in the southwest, Piton de la Petite Rivière Noire at 828 metres (2,717 ft). Streams and rivers speckle the island, a lot of them are formed in the cracks created by lava flows.

History

The island of Mauritius was visited during the Middle Ages by the Arabs and then by the Portuguese, who named it Dina Arobi and Cirne, respectively. The island was uninhabited until the Dutch Republic established a colony in 1638, with the Dutch naming the island after Prince Maurice van Nassau. The Dutch colony was abandoned in 1710, and, five years later, the island became a French colony and was named Isle de France. Due to its strategic position, Mauritius was known as the “star and key” of the Indian Ocean.

Language

As both an English-speaking and French-speaking nation, Mauritius is a member of both the Commonwealth of Nations and the Francophonie. The Mauritian constitution makes no mention of an official language. In Parliament, the official language is English; however, any member of the National Assembly can also address the chair in French. English and French are generally accepted as the official languages of Mauritius and as the languages of government administration, courts, and business. The constitution of Mauritius is written in English, while some laws, such as the Civil code, are in French.
The Mauritian population is multilingual; most Mauritians are equally fluent in English and French, while Mauritian Creole is the mother tongue of most Mauritians, people tend to switch languages according to the situation; French and English are favoured in educational and professional settings while Asian languages are used mainly in music, religious and cultural activities. The media and literature are primarily in French.

Climate

Tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May); Natural hazards : tropical cyclones (November to April), most cyclones usually occur from the end of December until March. Mauritius has only two seasons, winter and summer. There is not much temperature difference between the two seasons of the year. The climate on the central plateau is cooler than on the coastal areas.

Getting arround

One major highway runs north to south, otherwise a good network of paved, if sometimes narrow, roads cover the island. Traffic drives on the left.
Numerous car hire firms include major international and independent firms. Prices vary widely starting from MUR800 per day. To be on the safe side, with full insurance, visitors should rent cars from companies holding a tourism enterprise license. Now also if you hire a car at the airport keep in mind that you will need to pay a MUR20 charge when you are leaving the car park, and this has to be paid in cash.
Several fairly good bus services serve the island. Taking the bus is the most economical way of travelling. Air-conditioned buses have been recently introduced on some routes.
Taxis are the best way to visit the island. Various tours are available from MUR2500: The holy lake, Chamarel 7 coloured earth, Le Morne, dolphin tours in Tamarin and Ile aux Cerfs are among the most appreciated by visitors. Do not patronise unlicensed taxis. They promise a cheaper ride but, lately, there has been a surge in cases of robbers using this trick to lure and attack their victims.

Hotels in Mauritius :

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Flight Deals to Plaisance

Origin Departure date Return date Find Ticket

St Denis de la Reunion

05.10.2018

09.10.2018

Tickets from 170

St Pierre dela Reunion

05.10.2018

10.10.2018

Tickets from 170

Johannesburg

16.06.2019

23.06.2019

Tickets from 344

Cape Town

16.09.2018

23.09.2018

Tickets from 344

Istanbul

01.10.2018

11.10.2018

Tickets from 364

Mumbai

01.11.2018

08.11.2018

Tickets from 411

Frankfurt

01.10.2018

13.10.2018

Tickets from 444

Hyderabad

12.09.2018

18.10.2018

Tickets from 477

Riyadh

06.12.2018

12.12.2018

Tickets from 502

New Delhi

26.08.2018

27.08.2018

Tickets from 549

Dubai

14.01.2019

26.01.2019

Tickets from 553

Munich

28.09.2018

13.10.2018

Tickets from 556

Dammam

06.12.2018

12.12.2018

Tickets from 557

London

16.11.2018

26.11.2018

Tickets from 576

Jeddah

27.12.2018

03.01.2019

Tickets from 616

Paris

04.01.2019

19.01.2019

Tickets from 618

Amman

23.10.2018

20.01.2019

Tickets from 619

Warsaw

11.06.2019

19.06.2019

Tickets from 633

Dusseldorf

10.11.2018

24.11.2018

Tickets from 639

Moscow

15.02.2019

02.03.2019

Tickets from 698

Saint Petersburg

13.02.2019

28.02.2019

Tickets from 711

Bologna

07.12.2018

20.12.2018

Tickets from 740

Rome

06.09.2018

30.11.2018

Tickets from 743

Dar es Salaam

24.08.2018

28.08.2018

Tickets from 746

Budapest

10.10.2018

22.10.2018

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Berlin

10.05.2019

24.05.2019

Tickets from 749

Vienna

10.11.2018

27.11.2018

Tickets from 752

Bucharest

10.10.2018

22.10.2018

Tickets from 765

Bangkok

25.01.2019

07.02.2019

Tickets from 777

Cologne

10.11.2018

24.11.2018

Tickets from 780

Brussels

03.09.2018

26.09.2018

Tickets from 781

Nice

04.02.2019

25.02.2019

Tickets from 782

Naples

06.09.2018

30.11.2018

Tickets from 785

Kiev

24.10.2018

24.02.2019

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Prague

06.04.2019

20.04.2019

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Singapore

22.12.2018

31.12.2018

Tickets from 839

Minsk

22.11.2018

03.12.2018

Tickets from 851

Madrid

16.10.2018

19.11.2018

Tickets from 854

Tallinn

28.09.2018

05.10.2018

Tickets from 873

Brest

16.01.2019

30.01.2019

Tickets from 880

Ekaterinburg

24.09.2018

07.10.2018

Tickets from 893

Volgograd

16.01.2019

31.01.2019

Tickets from 896

Vilnius

28.12.2018

10.01.2019

Tickets from 947

Thessaloniki

22.10.2018

22.03.2019

Tickets from 958

Beijing

22.08.2018

29.08.2018

Tickets from 996

Omsk

28.10.2018

07.11.2018

Tickets from 1 013

Novosibirsk

03.11.2018

10.11.2018

Tickets from 1 016

Nizhniy Novgorod

06.09.2018

09.09.2018

Tickets from 1 021

Bahrain

06.12.2018

12.12.2018

Tickets from 1 028

Tel Aviv-Yafo

19.04.2019

27.04.2019

Tickets from 1 028

Gothenburg

28.08.2018

04.09.2018

Tickets from 1 032

Krasnodar

03.01.2019

17.01.2019

Tickets from 1 037

Helsinki

15.09.2018

29.09.2018

Tickets from 1 059

San Francisco

29.11.2018

23.12.2018

Tickets from 1 096

Sydney

24.09.2018

07.10.2018

Tickets from 1 206

Birmingham

23.12.2018

06.01.2019

Tickets from 1 212

Rostov

03.07.2019

10.07.2019

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Tangier

16.10.2018

19.11.2018

Tickets from 1 245

Odessa

12.04.2019

21.04.2019

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Melbourne

22.12.2018

21.01.2019

Tickets from 1 508

Astana

11.01.2019

19.01.2019

Tickets from 1 687

Mexico City

26.12.2018

07.01.2019

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Mineralnye Vody

20.08.2018

27.08.2018

Tickets from 3 944

Kaunas

01.01.2019

08.01.2019

Tickets from 4 050

 

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