Beijing, China

Beijing (北京 Běijīng) is the capital of the most populous country in the world, the People’s Republic of China. it’s known as much for its modern architecture as its ancient sites such as the grand Forbidden City complex, the imperial palace during the Ming and Qing dynasties. With a population of 21.5 million people, it is the nation’s second-largest city after Shanghai.  Beijing is the political, educational and cultural centre of the country and as such it is rich in historical sites and important government and cultural institutions.

The city is marked by its flatness and arid climate. There are only three hills to be found in the city limits (in Jingshan Park to the north of Forbidden City) and mountains surround the capital on three sides. Like the configuration of the Forbidden City, Beijing has concentric “ring roads”, which are actually rectangular, that go around the metropolis and serve as good reference points as one attempts to move about the city. Beyond the ring roads are the most-visited portions of the Great Wall of China, which witnesses visitors the world over and Beijing serves as a good headquarters for those who wish to gaze upon one of mankind’s more memorable and lasting structures. Nearby, the massive Tiananmen Square pedestrian plaza is the site of Mao Zedong’s mausoleum and the National Museum of China, displaying a vast collection of cultural relics.

District

Beijing Municipality is a large region, equal to a province or state. It includes the densely populated metropolitan area of Beijing and even greater area of suburban, semi-rural and mountainous terrain. We have articles on each of the five city districts of Beijing (see the first map) plus some articles on important areas of these districts. The eleven outer districts are grouped into five regional articles (see the second map). The Great Wall of China passes through the rugged north of Beijing Municipality.

The two districts are located within or around the Second Ring Road and make-up the old walled city of yesteryear. Xicheng means West City and Dongcheng means East City. Surrounding these districts are Chaoyang, Fengtai and Hadian. These three districts hold impressive new urban and commercial development, have a population of many millions, and generate the economic prosperity of the city:

  • Dongcheng District (东城区; Dōngchéngqū)
    covers the eastern half of the central city area approximately up to Third Ring Road to the north and Second Ring Road to the east and south. This is the most important tourist district of Beijing, including the Forbidden City and Tian’anmen Square. Chongwen (崇文区; Chóngwénqū) is a former district covering the southern third of Dongcheng, including the Temple of Heaven. Other important areas are Wangfujing (Walking Street), Gulou (the Drum Tower and Nanlougouxiang), Yonghegong (Yonghe Lama Temple) and Dongzhimen.
  • Xicheng District (西城区; Xīchéngqū)
    covers the western half of the central city area to just beyond Second Ring Road in the west and up to Third Ring Road to the north and south. It includes Beihai Park, Shichahai/Houhai area, Xidan, Beijing Zoo and the National Centre for Performing Arts. Xuanwu (宣武区; Xuānwǔqū) is a former district covering the southern third of Xicheng.
  • Chaoyang District (朝阳区; Cháoyángqū)
    covers a large area east of the central city area stretching from Second Ring Road until slightly beyond Fifth Ring Road to the east. Includes the CBD, Sanlitun (the Village and Workers’ Stadium), Olympic Green (Birds Nest, Water Cube and other Olympic venues), 798 Art Zone, Chaoyang Park, Ritan Park and various embassy areas
  • Haidian District (海淀区; Hǎidiànqū)
    covers the northwest of the main urban area. It includes the New and Old Summer Palaces, Wudaokou, the Zhongguancun high technology industry and business cluster and Beijing’s major concentration of universities.
  • Fengtai District (丰台区; Fēngtáiqū)
    covers the area south and west of Beijing. It includes Beijing West Railway Station

The remaining eleven districts and counties are quite far from the centre. The main reason to go out is to visit the Great Wall of China, passing through Northern Rural Beijing. Each of the other districts has a number of less well-known attractions, such as the Ming Tombs, well worth exploring if time permits.

  • Shijingshan District (石景山区; Shíjǐngshānqū)
    covers the area just west of the main urban area, including parts of the Western Hills.
  • Tongzhou District (通州区; Tōngzhōuqū)
  • Northern suburbs (Changping and Shunyi Districts)
  • Western and southern suburbs (Mentougou, Fangshan, Daxing Districts)
  • Rural Beijing (Yanqing, Huairou, Miyun and Pinggu Districts)
    The Great Wall passes through this northern mountainous area.

Climate

Beijing has a monsoon-influenced continental climate with hot, humid summers and cold, dry winters. The best time to visit is in September and October, during the “Golden Autumn” (金秋). Spring is the season for dust storms and is otherwise warm and dry. Summer can be oppressively hot and the tourist crowds tend to be the largest as well; prevailing winds from the south trap pollutants (mountains lie to the north and west), making summer a poor season for air quality. Smog is at its worst, however, in winter, which is cold and dry with infrequent, but beautiful, snow. Temperatures can easily fall below −10 °C (14°F) in winter, and just as readily rise above 35 °C (95°F) in summer.

Map and Hotels in Beijing :

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Flight Deals to Beijing

Origin Departure date Return date Find Ticket

Taiyuan

31.01.2019

15.02.2019

Tickets from 81

Vladivostok

24.03.2019

02.04.2019

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Qingdao

20.02.2019

28.02.2019

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Shenyang

27.01.2019

02.03.2019

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Nanyang

29.01.2019

13.02.2019

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Seoul

07.03.2019

13.03.2019

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Nanjing

26.01.2019

17.02.2019

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Manila

15.03.2019

20.03.2019

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Yantai

02.02.2019

02.02.2019

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Wuxi

25.01.2019

16.02.2019

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Khabarovsk

03.02.2019

12.02.2019

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Ningbo

29.01.2019

29.01.2019

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Ulan-ude

01.05.2019

10.05.2019

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Shanghai

09.03.2019

09.03.2019

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Kuala Lumpur

03.04.2019

07.04.2019

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Irkutsk

17.06.2019

26.06.2019

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Guangzhou

20.02.2019

26.02.2019

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Bangkok

30.04.2019

05.05.2019

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Lanzhou

29.01.2019

30.01.2019

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Chengdu

04.02.2019

04.02.2019

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Melbourne

19.03.2019

28.03.2019

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Moscow

25.03.2019

01.04.2019

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Sydney

05.03.2019

11.03.2019

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Singapore

12.05.2019

17.05.2019

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Ulaanbaatar

07.02.2019

15.02.2019

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Tashkent

23.04.2019

30.04.2019

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Xi'an

29.01.2019

01.02.2019

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Phuket

15.05.2019

22.05.2019

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Nanning

01.02.2019

09.02.2019

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Wenzhou

26.03.2019

06.04.2019

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Medan

15.05.2019

22.05.2019

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Saint Petersburg

17.03.2019

23.03.2019

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Shenzhen

07.02.2019

11.02.2019

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Hong Kong

04.02.2019

11.02.2019

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Zhengzhou

31.01.2019

01.02.2019

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Los Angeles

05.03.2019

18.04.2019

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Haikou

03.05.2019

05.05.2019

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Tokyo

28.02.2019

03.03.2019

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Novosibirsk

21.02.2019

07.03.2019

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Urumqi

01.05.2019

10.05.2019

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Brisbane

19.03.2019

28.03.2019

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Astana

05.03.2019

12.03.2019

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Dallas

04.02.2019

04.04.2019

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Almaty

13.03.2019

19.03.2019

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Chicago

13.03.2019

18.03.2019

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San Francisco

05.02.2019

22.02.2019

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Taipei

02.02.2019

09.02.2019

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Hangzhou

25.01.2019

25.01.2019

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Kaohsiung

08.10.2019

12.10.2019

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Denver

01.03.2019

16.03.2019

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Xiamen

11.02.2019

15.02.2019

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Adelaide

19.03.2019

28.03.2019

Tickets from 330

Kazan

28.01.2019

15.02.2019

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Sapporo

26.03.2019

28.03.2019

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Samara

07.04.2019

14.04.2019

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Pittsburgh

03.02.2019

15.02.2019

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Rostov

11.03.2019

16.03.2019

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Rochester

02.02.2019

14.02.2019

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Krasnodar

23.03.2019

29.03.2019

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New Delhi

12.03.2019

20.03.2019

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Tehran

01.03.2019

08.03.2019

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Algiers

19.02.2019

25.02.2019

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Ho Chi Minh City

18.02.2019

25.02.2019

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Perth

28.06.2019

07.07.2019

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Volgograd

05.03.2019

12.03.2019

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Ust-kamenogorsk

05.03.2019

12.03.2019

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Ekaterinburg

01.04.2019

21.04.2019

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Montreal

26.02.2019

12.03.2019

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San Diego

20.02.2019

09.03.2019

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Chiang Mai

29.01.2019

12.02.2019

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Krasnojarsk

21.05.2019

29.05.2019

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Mineralnye Vody

31.03.2019

07.04.2019

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Nizhniy Novgorod

25.01.2019

28.01.2019

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Tomsk

01.02.2019

05.02.2019

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Chita

02.02.2019

16.02.2019

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Amsterdam

17.05.2019

01.06.2019

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Simferopol

30.03.2019

03.04.2019

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Kaliningrad

04.04.2019

03.05.2019

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Da Nang

06.02.2019

10.02.2019

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Perm

30.03.2019

07.04.2019

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Tbilisi

02.06.2019

13.06.2019

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Warsaw

22.02.2019

28.02.2019

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Ufa

08.04.2019

25.04.2019

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BAK

12.03.2019

28.03.2019

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Paris

08.03.2019

11.03.2019

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Zurich

02.12.2019

18.12.2019

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Yerevan

27.03.2019

01.04.2019

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Lyon

20.04.2019

03.05.2019

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Budapest

15.04.2019

24.04.2019

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Chelyabinsk

24.03.2019

04.04.2019

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Vilnius

07.05.2019

13.05.2019

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Frankfurt

19.03.2019

26.03.2019

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Ulyanovsk

07.04.2019

13.04.2019

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Belgrade

09.04.2019

23.04.2019

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Minsk

11.04.2019

22.04.2019

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Calgary

30.03.2019

13.04.2019

Tickets from 431

Athens

07.09.2019

21.09.2019

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Naberevnye Chelny

02.03.2019

10.03.2019

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New York

01.05.2019

10.05.2019

Tickets from 436

Vienna

15.04.2019

24.04.2019

Tickets from 436

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