Beijing, China

Beijing (北京 Běijīng) is the capital of the most populous country in the world, the People’s Republic of China. it’s known as much for its modern architecture as its ancient sites such as the grand Forbidden City complex, the imperial palace during the Ming and Qing dynasties. With a population of 21.5 million people, it is the nation’s second-largest city after Shanghai.  Beijing is the political, educational and cultural centre of the country and as such it is rich in historical sites and important government and cultural institutions.

The city is marked by its flatness and arid climate. There are only three hills to be found in the city limits (in Jingshan Park to the north of Forbidden City) and mountains surround the capital on three sides. Like the configuration of the Forbidden City, Beijing has concentric “ring roads”, which are actually rectangular, that go around the metropolis and serve as good reference points as one attempts to move about the city. Beyond the ring roads are the most-visited portions of the Great Wall of China, which witnesses visitors the world over and Beijing serves as a good headquarters for those who wish to gaze upon one of mankind’s more memorable and lasting structures. Nearby, the massive Tiananmen Square pedestrian plaza is the site of Mao Zedong’s mausoleum and the National Museum of China, displaying a vast collection of cultural relics.

District

Beijing Municipality is a large region, equal to a province or state. It includes the densely populated metropolitan area of Beijing and even greater area of suburban, semi-rural and mountainous terrain. We have articles on each of the five city districts of Beijing (see the first map) plus some articles on important areas of these districts. The eleven outer districts are grouped into five regional articles (see the second map). The Great Wall of China passes through the rugged north of Beijing Municipality.

The two districts are located within or around the Second Ring Road and make-up the old walled city of yesteryear. Xicheng means West City and Dongcheng means East City. Surrounding these districts are Chaoyang, Fengtai and Hadian. These three districts hold impressive new urban and commercial development, have a population of many millions, and generate the economic prosperity of the city:

  • Dongcheng District (东城区; Dōngchéngqū)
    covers the eastern half of the central city area approximately up to Third Ring Road to the north and Second Ring Road to the east and south. This is the most important tourist district of Beijing, including the Forbidden City and Tian’anmen Square. Chongwen (崇文区; Chóngwénqū) is a former district covering the southern third of Dongcheng, including the Temple of Heaven. Other important areas are Wangfujing (Walking Street), Gulou (the Drum Tower and Nanlougouxiang), Yonghegong (Yonghe Lama Temple) and Dongzhimen.
  • Xicheng District (西城区; Xīchéngqū)
    covers the western half of the central city area to just beyond Second Ring Road in the west and up to Third Ring Road to the north and south. It includes Beihai Park, Shichahai/Houhai area, Xidan, Beijing Zoo and the National Centre for Performing Arts. Xuanwu (宣武区; Xuānwǔqū) is a former district covering the southern third of Xicheng.
  • Chaoyang District (朝阳区; Cháoyángqū)
    covers a large area east of the central city area stretching from Second Ring Road until slightly beyond Fifth Ring Road to the east. Includes the CBD, Sanlitun (the Village and Workers’ Stadium), Olympic Green (Birds Nest, Water Cube and other Olympic venues), 798 Art Zone, Chaoyang Park, Ritan Park and various embassy areas
  • Haidian District (海淀区; Hǎidiànqū)
    covers the northwest of the main urban area. It includes the New and Old Summer Palaces, Wudaokou, the Zhongguancun high technology industry and business cluster and Beijing’s major concentration of universities.
  • Fengtai District (丰台区; Fēngtáiqū)
    covers the area south and west of Beijing. It includes Beijing West Railway Station

The remaining eleven districts and counties are quite far from the centre. The main reason to go out is to visit the Great Wall of China, passing through Northern Rural Beijing. Each of the other districts has a number of less well-known attractions, such as the Ming Tombs, well worth exploring if time permits.

  • Shijingshan District (石景山区; Shíjǐngshānqū)
    covers the area just west of the main urban area, including parts of the Western Hills.
  • Tongzhou District (通州区; Tōngzhōuqū)
  • Northern suburbs (Changping and Shunyi Districts)
  • Western and southern suburbs (Mentougou, Fangshan, Daxing Districts)
  • Rural Beijing (Yanqing, Huairou, Miyun and Pinggu Districts)
    The Great Wall passes through this northern mountainous area.

Climate

Beijing has a monsoon-influenced continental climate with hot, humid summers and cold, dry winters. The best time to visit is in September and October, during the “Golden Autumn” (金秋). Spring is the season for dust storms and is otherwise warm and dry. Summer can be oppressively hot and the tourist crowds tend to be the largest as well; prevailing winds from the south trap pollutants (mountains lie to the north and west), making summer a poor season for air quality. Smog is at its worst, however, in winter, which is cold and dry with infrequent, but beautiful, snow. Temperatures can easily fall below −10 °C (14°F) in winter, and just as readily rise above 35 °C (95°F) in summer.

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Flight Deals to Beijing

Origin Departure date Return date Find Ticket

Vladivostok

12.12.2018

22.12.2018

Tickets from 81

Hangzhou

30.11.2018

02.12.2018

Tickets from 134

Chongqing

17.12.2018

21.12.2018

Tickets from 137

Irkutsk

28.11.2018

12.12.2018

Tickets from 139

Xi'an

23.11.2018

25.11.2018

Tickets from 142

Ningbo

25.12.2018

27.12.2018

Tickets from 150

Chengdu

14.12.2018

16.12.2018

Tickets from 159

Shanghai

20.12.2018

04.01.2019

Tickets from 170

Xiamen

02.12.2018

05.12.2018

Tickets from 171

Fuzhou

11.12.2018

19.12.2018

Tickets from 179

Busan

22.12.2018

24.12.2018

Tickets from 180

Khabarovsk

10.03.2019

24.03.2019

Tickets from 180

Hong Kong

18.12.2018

23.12.2018

Tickets from 181

Ulan-ude

06.03.2019

15.03.2019

Tickets from 182

Seoul

07.01.2019

10.01.2019

Tickets from 191

Heihe

30.11.2018

04.12.2018

Tickets from 198

Harbin

29.12.2018

02.01.2019

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Bangkok

17.03.2019

21.03.2019

Tickets from 222

Guangzhou

01.12.2018

17.02.2019

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Ho Chi Minh City

30.11.2018

02.12.2018

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Taipei

07.05.2019

10.05.2019

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Sanya

10.12.2018

11.12.2018

Tickets from 237

Nanchang

23.01.2019

06.03.2019

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Kuala Lumpur

31.01.2019

11.02.2019

Tickets from 245

Tokyo

07.12.2018

21.12.2018

Tickets from 249

Novosibirsk

26.12.2018

02.01.2019

Tickets from 260

Singapore

19.02.2019

03.03.2019

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Hanoi

14.12.2018

16.12.2018

Tickets from 269

Tashkent

25.12.2018

08.01.2019

Tickets from 273

Ulaanbaatar

21.01.2019

06.02.2019

Tickets from 274

New Delhi

13.05.2019

31.05.2019

Tickets from 277

Guilin

14.01.2019

14.01.2019

Tickets from 280

Saint Petersburg

06.03.2019

17.03.2019

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Kaohsiung

01.12.2018

07.12.2018

Tickets from 289

Moscow

07.12.2018

23.12.2018

Tickets from 291

Krasnojarsk

07.12.2018

18.12.2018

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Manzhouli

30.11.2018

04.12.2018

Tickets from 304

Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

15.12.2018

17.12.2018

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Los Angeles

05.03.2019

13.03.2019

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Astana

14.02.2019

21.02.2019

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Manila

15.04.2019

15.04.2019

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Tehran

27.11.2018

09.12.2018

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Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky

02.02.2019

16.02.2019

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Omsk

25.12.2018

02.01.2019

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Helsinki

06.05.2019

20.05.2019

Tickets from 354

Vancouver

09.12.2018

26.12.2018

Tickets from 359

Nizhniy Novgorod

13.12.2018

16.12.2018

Tickets from 359

Dublin

17.01.2019

25.01.2019

Tickets from 363

Ekaterinburg

10.12.2018

16.12.2018

Tickets from 367

Chennai

27.11.2018

04.12.2018

Tickets from 369

Krasnodar

15.12.2018

23.12.2018

Tickets from 374

Rostov

20.01.2019

23.01.2019

Tickets from 376

Kostanay

26.11.2018

02.12.2018

Tickets from 376

Saratov

10.12.2018

16.12.2018

Tickets from 379

Samara

02.03.2019

16.03.2019

Tickets from 380

Vladikavkaz

01.02.2019

01.03.2019

Tickets from 381

Copenhagen

31.03.2019

30.04.2019

Tickets from 381

Mineralnye Vody

30.11.2018

02.12.2018

Tickets from 382

Paris

28.11.2018

01.12.2018

Tickets from 384

Tbilisi

15.05.2019

19.05.2019

Tickets from 385

Sydney

23.08.2019

20.09.2019

Tickets from 385

Ufa

19.03.2019

31.03.2019

Tickets from 387

Almaty

23.11.2018

25.11.2018

Tickets from 387

Marseille

18.08.2019

28.08.2019

Tickets from 387

Ust-kamenogorsk

16.08.2019

20.08.2019

Tickets from 390

Amsterdam

15.04.2019

28.04.2019

Tickets from 393

Kazan

25.03.2019

30.03.2019

Tickets from 396

Dubai

03.12.2018

07.12.2018

Tickets from 399

Las Vegas

28.11.2018

26.02.2019

Tickets from 400

Chelyabinsk

07.12.2018

14.12.2018

Tickets from 402

Simferopol

15.01.2019

22.01.2019

Tickets from 409

Vilnius

02.05.2019

09.05.2019

Tickets from 411

San Francisco

09.01.2019

10.03.2019

Tickets from 411

Barcelona

08.07.2019

14.07.2019

Tickets from 413

Stockholm

14.01.2019

18.01.2019

Tickets from 414

Sochi

15.04.2019

22.04.2019

Tickets from 415

Sofia

27.11.2018

04.12.2018

Tickets from 416

Perm

10.12.2018

17.12.2018

Tickets from 416

Kiev

14.01.2019

20.01.2019

Tickets from 417

Toronto

22.01.2019

19.02.2019

Tickets from 419

Minsk

07.01.2019

14.01.2019

Tickets from 423

Tel Aviv-Yafo

09.12.2018

17.12.2018

Tickets from 423

Milan

30.01.2019

11.02.2019

Tickets from 425

London

25.02.2019

11.03.2019

Tickets from 427

Chicago

15.01.2019

26.02.2019

Tickets from 428

BAK

29.11.2018

01.12.2018

Tickets from 432

Warsaw

20.06.2019

25.06.2019

Tickets from 432

Dusseldorf

20.05.2019

25.05.2019

Tickets from 434

Bishkek

09.12.2018

12.12.2018

Tickets from 438

Istanbul

15.12.2018

16.12.2018

Tickets from 442

Kaliningrad

20.06.2019

25.06.2019

Tickets from 446

Chita

31.05.2019

10.06.2019

Tickets from 447

Seattle

30.03.2019

06.04.2019

Tickets from 447

Yakutsk

23.11.2018

30.11.2018

Tickets from 451

Gdansk

20.06.2019

25.06.2019

Tickets from 456

Dallas

02.02.2019

16.02.2019

Tickets from 457

Luxembourg

08.12.2018

13.12.2018

Tickets from 458

Yerevan

01.06.2019

04.06.2019

Tickets from 459

Montreal

05.12.2018

25.02.2019

Tickets from 460

Rome

23.02.2019

06.03.2019

Tickets from 461

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