Beijing, China

Beijing (北京 Běijīng) is the capital of the most populous country in the world, the People’s Republic of China. it’s known as much for its modern architecture as its ancient sites such as the grand Forbidden City complex, the imperial palace during the Ming and Qing dynasties. With a population of 21.5 million people, it is the nation’s second-largest city after Shanghai.  Beijing is the political, educational and cultural centre of the country and as such it is rich in historical sites and important government and cultural institutions.

The city is marked by its flatness and arid climate. There are only three hills to be found in the city limits (in Jingshan Park to the north of Forbidden City) and mountains surround the capital on three sides. Like the configuration of the Forbidden City, Beijing has concentric “ring roads”, which are actually rectangular, that go around the metropolis and serve as good reference points as one attempts to move about the city. Beyond the ring roads are the most-visited portions of the Great Wall of China, which witnesses visitors the world over and Beijing serves as a good headquarters for those who wish to gaze upon one of mankind’s more memorable and lasting structures. Nearby, the massive Tiananmen Square pedestrian plaza is the site of Mao Zedong’s mausoleum and the National Museum of China, displaying a vast collection of cultural relics.

District

Beijing Municipality is a large region, equal to a province or state. It includes the densely populated metropolitan area of Beijing and even greater area of suburban, semi-rural and mountainous terrain. We have articles on each of the five city districts of Beijing (see the first map) plus some articles on important areas of these districts. The eleven outer districts are grouped into five regional articles (see the second map). The Great Wall of China passes through the rugged north of Beijing Municipality.

The two districts are located within or around the Second Ring Road and make-up the old walled city of yesteryear. Xicheng means West City and Dongcheng means East City. Surrounding these districts are Chaoyang, Fengtai and Hadian. These three districts hold impressive new urban and commercial development, have a population of many millions, and generate the economic prosperity of the city:

  • Dongcheng District (东城区; Dōngchéngqū)
    covers the eastern half of the central city area approximately up to Third Ring Road to the north and Second Ring Road to the east and south. This is the most important tourist district of Beijing, including the Forbidden City and Tian’anmen Square. Chongwen (崇文区; Chóngwénqū) is a former district covering the southern third of Dongcheng, including the Temple of Heaven. Other important areas are Wangfujing (Walking Street), Gulou (the Drum Tower and Nanlougouxiang), Yonghegong (Yonghe Lama Temple) and Dongzhimen.
  • Xicheng District (西城区; Xīchéngqū)
    covers the western half of the central city area to just beyond Second Ring Road in the west and up to Third Ring Road to the north and south. It includes Beihai Park, Shichahai/Houhai area, Xidan, Beijing Zoo and the National Centre for Performing Arts. Xuanwu (宣武区; Xuānwǔqū) is a former district covering the southern third of Xicheng.
  • Chaoyang District (朝阳区; Cháoyángqū)
    covers a large area east of the central city area stretching from Second Ring Road until slightly beyond Fifth Ring Road to the east. Includes the CBD, Sanlitun (the Village and Workers’ Stadium), Olympic Green (Birds Nest, Water Cube and other Olympic venues), 798 Art Zone, Chaoyang Park, Ritan Park and various embassy areas
  • Haidian District (海淀区; Hǎidiànqū)
    covers the northwest of the main urban area. It includes the New and Old Summer Palaces, Wudaokou, the Zhongguancun high technology industry and business cluster and Beijing’s major concentration of universities.
  • Fengtai District (丰台区; Fēngtáiqū)
    covers the area south and west of Beijing. It includes Beijing West Railway Station

The remaining eleven districts and counties are quite far from the centre. The main reason to go out is to visit the Great Wall of China, passing through Northern Rural Beijing. Each of the other districts has a number of less well-known attractions, such as the Ming Tombs, well worth exploring if time permits.

  • Shijingshan District (石景山区; Shíjǐngshānqū)
    covers the area just west of the main urban area, including parts of the Western Hills.
  • Tongzhou District (通州区; Tōngzhōuqū)
  • Northern suburbs (Changping and Shunyi Districts)
  • Western and southern suburbs (Mentougou, Fangshan, Daxing Districts)
  • Rural Beijing (Yanqing, Huairou, Miyun and Pinggu Districts)
    The Great Wall passes through this northern mountainous area.

Climate

Beijing has a monsoon-influenced continental climate with hot, humid summers and cold, dry winters. The best time to visit is in September and October, during the “Golden Autumn” (金秋). Spring is the season for dust storms and is otherwise warm and dry. Summer can be oppressively hot and the tourist crowds tend to be the largest as well; prevailing winds from the south trap pollutants (mountains lie to the north and west), making summer a poor season for air quality. Smog is at its worst, however, in winter, which is cold and dry with infrequent, but beautiful, snow. Temperatures can easily fall below −10 °C (14°F) in winter, and just as readily rise above 35 °C (95°F) in summer.

Map and Hotels in Beijing :

Beijing Hotel Deals :

Flight Deals to Beijing

Origin Departure date Return date Find Ticket

Chifeng

01.05.2019

05.05.2019

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Qingdao

29.04.2019

02.05.2019

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Vladivostok

19.05.2019

21.05.2019

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Harbin

15.05.2019

20.05.2019

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Manila

22.06.2019

24.06.2019

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Busan

30.04.2019

03.05.2019

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Shanghai

16.05.2019

19.05.2019

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Yinchuan

29.04.2019

02.05.2019

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Irkutsk

29.04.2019

06.05.2019

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Weihai

01.05.2019

04.05.2019

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Seoul

16.05.2019

19.05.2019

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Changchun

03.05.2019

09.05.2019

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Kuala Lumpur

10.05.2019

18.05.2019

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Dalian

22.04.2019

24.04.2019

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Hangzhou

22.04.2019

06.05.2019

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Vientiane

01.07.2019

04.07.2019

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Qiqihar

10.05.2019

15.05.2019

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Datong

08.07.2019

08.07.2019

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Yantai

03.07.2019

23.08.2019

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Singapore

25.04.2019

02.05.2019

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Jinan

20.05.2019

21.05.2019

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Hong Kong

01.05.2019

04.05.2019

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Jakarta

22.05.2019

29.05.2019

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Bangkok

20.06.2019

25.06.2019

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Sydney

22.10.2019

06.11.2019

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Astana

14.05.2019

19.05.2019

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Jinjiang

15.05.2019

21.05.2019

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Guangzhou

01.05.2019

05.05.2019

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Shenzhen

01.05.2019

03.05.2019

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Baotou

20.05.2019

27.05.2019

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Haikou

17.05.2019

20.05.2019

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Moscow

19.07.2019

31.07.2019

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Urumqi

08.05.2019

16.05.2019

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Sanya

16.05.2019

18.05.2019

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Hanoi

30.04.2019

11.05.2019

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Chongqing

28.05.2019

29.05.2019

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Ulan-ude

12.06.2019

19.06.2019

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Ulaanbaatar

04.09.2019

09.09.2019

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Tokyo

20.06.2019

03.07.2019

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Fukuoka

19.06.2019

25.06.2019

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Nanning

01.05.2019

04.05.2019

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Khabarovsk

28.04.2019

06.05.2019

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Ningbo

01.05.2019

05.05.2019

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Da Nang

14.08.2019

21.08.2019

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Taipei

17.06.2019

20.06.2019

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Huaian

14.05.2019

24.05.2019

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Chengdu

24.04.2019

25.04.2019

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Siem Reap

29.05.2019

03.06.2019

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Tashkent

28.05.2019

11.06.2019

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Nanchang

22.04.2019

26.04.2019

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Ho Chi Minh City

22.06.2019

29.06.2019

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Melbourne

04.06.2019

30.06.2019

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Yancheng

05.07.2019

02.08.2019

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Penang

26.10.2019

02.11.2019

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Osaka

26.12.2019

31.12.2019

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Taichung

10.05.2019

18.05.2019

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Saint Petersburg

03.10.2019

12.10.2019

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Nanjing

20.07.2019

21.07.2019

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Los Angeles

29.08.2019

13.09.2019

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Tianjin

09.05.2019

13.05.2019

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Macau

29.08.2019

03.09.2019

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Shenyang

23.04.2019

30.04.2019

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Yichang

01.08.2019

10.08.2019

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New Delhi

01.10.2019

05.10.2019

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Phnom Penh

17.10.2019

07.11.2019

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Novosibirsk

26.12.2019

09.01.2020

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Almaty

26.04.2019

03.05.2019

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Yangzhou

03.06.2019

05.06.2019

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Denver

21.04.2019

05.05.2019

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Fuzhou

20.06.2019

01.07.2019

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Johor Bahru

07.05.2019

27.05.2019

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Tehran

19.05.2019

26.05.2019

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Bangalore

16.05.2019

19.05.2019

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Yangon

28.05.2019

28.06.2019

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Berlin

26.07.2019

08.08.2019

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Yanji

01.06.2019

08.06.2019

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Heihe

27.05.2019

31.05.2019

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Vancouver

15.05.2019

15.06.2019

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San Diego

30.09.2019

08.10.2019

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Colombo

14.05.2019

18.05.2019

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Dublin

09.05.2019

23.05.2019

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Oslo

17.05.2019

31.05.2019

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Shimkent

02.05.2019

09.05.2019

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Krasnojarsk

09.05.2019

12.05.2019

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Frankfurt

06.08.2019

12.08.2019

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Denpasar Bali

01.07.2019

04.07.2019

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Brisbane

15.10.2019

03.11.2019

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Manzhouli

01.05.2019

09.05.2019

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Kolkata

22.07.2019

30.07.2019

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Phoenix

23.04.2019

07.05.2019

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Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

06.05.2019

12.05.2019

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Helsinki

25.05.2019

03.06.2019

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Chennai

15.05.2019

18.05.2019

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San Francisco

26.09.2019

31.10.2019

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Kazan

18.10.2019

20.10.2019

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Chita

27.04.2019

02.05.2019

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London

01.09.2019

20.10.2019

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Kathmandu

21.05.2019

25.05.2019

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Aktau

18.05.2019

24.05.2019

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Budapest

19.10.2019

27.10.2019

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