Beijing, China

Beijing (北京 Běijīng) is the capital of the most populous country in the world, the People’s Republic of China. it’s known as much for its modern architecture as its ancient sites such as the grand Forbidden City complex, the imperial palace during the Ming and Qing dynasties. With a population of 21.5 million people, it is the nation’s second-largest city after Shanghai.  Beijing is the political, educational and cultural centre of the country and as such it is rich in historical sites and important government and cultural institutions.

The city is marked by its flatness and arid climate. There are only three hills to be found in the city limits (in Jingshan Park to the north of Forbidden City) and mountains surround the capital on three sides. Like the configuration of the Forbidden City, Beijing has concentric “ring roads”, which are actually rectangular, that go around the metropolis and serve as good reference points as one attempts to move about the city. Beyond the ring roads are the most-visited portions of the Great Wall of China, which witnesses visitors the world over and Beijing serves as a good headquarters for those who wish to gaze upon one of mankind’s more memorable and lasting structures. Nearby, the massive Tiananmen Square pedestrian plaza is the site of Mao Zedong’s mausoleum and the National Museum of China, displaying a vast collection of cultural relics.

District

Beijing Municipality is a large region, equal to a province or state. It includes the densely populated metropolitan area of Beijing and even greater area of suburban, semi-rural and mountainous terrain. We have articles on each of the five city districts of Beijing (see the first map) plus some articles on important areas of these districts. The eleven outer districts are grouped into five regional articles (see the second map). The Great Wall of China passes through the rugged north of Beijing Municipality.

The two districts are located within or around the Second Ring Road and make-up the old walled city of yesteryear. Xicheng means West City and Dongcheng means East City. Surrounding these districts are Chaoyang, Fengtai and Hadian. These three districts hold impressive new urban and commercial development, have a population of many millions, and generate the economic prosperity of the city:

  • Dongcheng District (东城区; Dōngchéngqū)
    covers the eastern half of the central city area approximately up to Third Ring Road to the north and Second Ring Road to the east and south. This is the most important tourist district of Beijing, including the Forbidden City and Tian’anmen Square. Chongwen (崇文区; Chóngwénqū) is a former district covering the southern third of Dongcheng, including the Temple of Heaven. Other important areas are Wangfujing (Walking Street), Gulou (the Drum Tower and Nanlougouxiang), Yonghegong (Yonghe Lama Temple) and Dongzhimen.
  • Xicheng District (西城区; Xīchéngqū)
    covers the western half of the central city area to just beyond Second Ring Road in the west and up to Third Ring Road to the north and south. It includes Beihai Park, Shichahai/Houhai area, Xidan, Beijing Zoo and the National Centre for Performing Arts. Xuanwu (宣武区; Xuānwǔqū) is a former district covering the southern third of Xicheng.
  • Chaoyang District (朝阳区; Cháoyángqū)
    covers a large area east of the central city area stretching from Second Ring Road until slightly beyond Fifth Ring Road to the east. Includes the CBD, Sanlitun (the Village and Workers’ Stadium), Olympic Green (Birds Nest, Water Cube and other Olympic venues), 798 Art Zone, Chaoyang Park, Ritan Park and various embassy areas
  • Haidian District (海淀区; Hǎidiànqū)
    covers the northwest of the main urban area. It includes the New and Old Summer Palaces, Wudaokou, the Zhongguancun high technology industry and business cluster and Beijing’s major concentration of universities.
  • Fengtai District (丰台区; Fēngtáiqū)
    covers the area south and west of Beijing. It includes Beijing West Railway Station

The remaining eleven districts and counties are quite far from the centre. The main reason to go out is to visit the Great Wall of China, passing through Northern Rural Beijing. Each of the other districts has a number of less well-known attractions, such as the Ming Tombs, well worth exploring if time permits.

  • Shijingshan District (石景山区; Shíjǐngshānqū)
    covers the area just west of the main urban area, including parts of the Western Hills.
  • Tongzhou District (通州区; Tōngzhōuqū)
  • Northern suburbs (Changping and Shunyi Districts)
  • Western and southern suburbs (Mentougou, Fangshan, Daxing Districts)
  • Rural Beijing (Yanqing, Huairou, Miyun and Pinggu Districts)
    The Great Wall passes through this northern mountainous area.

Climate

Beijing has a monsoon-influenced continental climate with hot, humid summers and cold, dry winters. The best time to visit is in September and October, during the “Golden Autumn” (金秋). Spring is the season for dust storms and is otherwise warm and dry. Summer can be oppressively hot and the tourist crowds tend to be the largest as well; prevailing winds from the south trap pollutants (mountains lie to the north and west), making summer a poor season for air quality. Smog is at its worst, however, in winter, which is cold and dry with infrequent, but beautiful, snow. Temperatures can easily fall below −10 °C (14°F) in winter, and just as readily rise above 35 °C (95°F) in summer.

Map and Hotels in Beijing :

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Flight Deals to Beijing

Origin Departure date Return date Find Ticket

Vladivostok

16.12.2018

23.12.2018

Tickets from 95

Dalian

10.10.2018

11.10.2018

Tickets from 99

Seoul

15.11.2018

20.11.2018

Tickets from 125

Hong Kong

15.11.2018

19.11.2018

Tickets from 139

Irkutsk

21.11.2018

25.11.2018

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Ulanhot

02.10.2018

07.10.2018

Tickets from 145

Xilinhot

10.01.2019

11.01.2019

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Manila

08.06.2019

11.06.2019

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Shanghai

08.10.2018

10.10.2018

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Wuhan

05.10.2018

20.10.2018

Tickets from 178

Ulan-ude

28.11.2018

30.11.2018

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Khabarovsk

21.10.2018

28.10.2018

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Singapore

08.11.2018

13.11.2018

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Kuala Lumpur

29.09.2018

10.10.2018

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Jeju

31.10.2018

14.11.2018

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Bangkok

20.10.2018

27.10.2018

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Jakarta

29.10.2018

31.10.2018

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Shenzhen

02.10.2018

05.10.2018

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Changchun

30.09.2018

07.10.2018

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Astana

08.10.2018

22.10.2018

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Almaty

03.10.2018

17.10.2018

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Chengdu

01.10.2018

05.10.2018

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Chongqing

13.10.2018

14.10.2018

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Guangzhou

02.10.2018

03.10.2018

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Taipei

01.10.2018

05.10.2018

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Harbin

29.12.2018

06.01.2019

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Tokyo

16.11.2018

19.11.2018

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Tashkent

25.12.2018

08.01.2019

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Xining

27.10.2018

28.10.2018

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Novosibirsk

26.12.2018

02.01.2019

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Kota Kinabalu

13.03.2019

21.03.2019

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Nagoya

19.10.2018

23.10.2018

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Macau

28.11.2018

02.12.2018

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Krasnojarsk

15.10.2018

20.10.2018

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Moscow

25.04.2019

07.05.2019

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Omsk

17.11.2018

22.11.2018

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Yiwu

27.10.2018

30.10.2018

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Kunming

05.10.2018

07.10.2018

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Saint Petersburg

18.03.2019

25.03.2019

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Vancouver

21.09.2018

04.10.2018

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Xi'an

23.11.2018

24.11.2018

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Penang

18.12.2018

25.12.2018

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BAK

31.10.2018

07.11.2018

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Ulaanbaatar

09.10.2018

13.10.2018

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Los Angeles

05.11.2018

29.11.2018

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Sapporo

16.12.2018

23.12.2018

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Da Nang

14.10.2018

28.10.2018

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Denver

12.11.2018

19.11.2018

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New Delhi

18.10.2018

20.10.2018

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Heihe

26.10.2018

02.11.2018

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Tyumen

20.10.2018

30.10.2018

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Sydney

09.01.2019

30.01.2019

Tickets from 362

Riga

17.04.2019

24.04.2019

Tickets from 363

New York

28.11.2018

09.12.2018

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Ekaterinburg

18.10.2018

23.10.2018

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Hyderabad

06.11.2018

13.11.2018

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Samara

15.10.2018

18.10.2018

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Colombo

17.11.2018

20.11.2018

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Minsk

24.10.2018

31.10.2018

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Nizhniy Novgorod

07.03.2019

12.03.2019

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Krasnodar

01.12.2018

10.12.2018

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Surgut

01.11.2018

16.11.2018

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Seattle

22.11.2018

10.12.2018

Tickets from 386

Orlando

30.09.2018

05.10.2018

Tickets from 387

Copenhagen

11.12.2018

08.01.2019

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Chicago

14.01.2019

22.01.2019

Tickets from 391

Kazan

12.12.2018

18.12.2018

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Rochester

14.02.2019

06.03.2019

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Ufa

17.10.2018

23.10.2018

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Tbilisi

05.09.2019

12.09.2019

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Kiev

19.10.2018

29.10.2018

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Chelyabinsk

04.11.2018

13.11.2018

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Simferopol

21.02.2019

28.02.2019

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Warsaw

06.05.2019

25.05.2019

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Vilnius

28.09.2018

27.12.2018

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Edmonton

01.10.2018

15.11.2018

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Manchester

25.10.2018

02.11.2018

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Sanya

16.04.2019

17.04.2019

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Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky

01.12.2018

14.12.2018

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London

26.11.2018

04.12.2018

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Geneva

02.02.2019

23.02.2019

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Rostov

03.10.2018

17.10.2018

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Frankfurt

03.12.2018

17.12.2018

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Mineralnye Vody

11.10.2018

25.10.2018

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Ho Chi Minh City

04.02.2019

09.02.2019

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Berlin

27.10.2018

30.10.2018

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Munich

20.11.2018

04.12.2018

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Portland

18.10.2018

31.10.2018

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Zurich

02.02.2019

23.02.2019

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Milan

07.02.2019

15.02.2019

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Shimkent

10.10.2018

11.10.2018

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Windsor Locks

02.11.2018

15.11.2018

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Lisbon

30.09.2018

14.10.2018

Tickets from 448

Tomsk

12.03.2019

23.03.2019

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Izhevsk

05.11.2018

10.11.2018

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Cairo

03.10.2018

20.10.2018

Tickets from 450

Perm

30.09.2018

27.10.2018

Tickets from 450

Naberevnye Chelny

05.11.2018

10.11.2018

Tickets from 450

Yerevan

06.11.2018

16.11.2018

Tickets from 451

Yakutsk

19.10.2018

05.11.2018

Tickets from 454

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